Archiv der Kategorie: Anthropology

Newsalert: Gott ist doch nicht tot

alphagalileo weist auf die Buchvernissage hin, an der Keith Ward sein neues Werk vorstellt namens "Pascals Fire":

God was declared dead by Friedrich Nietzsche in 1883 and will be announced very much alive by Professor Keith Ward next week. Professor Ward, Gresham Professor of Divinity, and a Fellow of the British Academy, who has become well known for his views on the relationship between science and religion, will launch his new book, Pascal’s Fire, at Gresham College on Tuesday 27 June at 6pm. In Pascal’s Fire, published by Oneworld Publications, Professor Ward will assert that although God may indeed have come under severe attack several times over the centuries, there has been a recent shift, which has led to scientists, particularly theoretical physicists, discussing God again. (…) He commented: “Not only is God back on the agenda, a great deal of modern science – some of it developed only at the very end of the 20th century – can be seen as positively pointing to the existence of God, in the sense of a cosmic intelligence, as the ultimate basis of physical reality.”

Der neurologische Grund für die Siesta

AlphaGalileo meldet

The Spaniards may have been right all along – a siesta after a hearty lunch is natural, new research suggests. Sientists at The University of Manchester have for the first time uncovered how brain cells or ‘neurons’ that keep us alert become turned off after we eat. The findings – published in the scientific journal Neuron this week – have implications for treating obesity and eating disorders as well as understanding levels of consciousness. “It has been known for a while that people and animals can become sleepy and less active after a meal, but brain signals responsible for this were poorly understood,” said Dr Denis Burdakov, the lead researcher based in Manchester’s Faculty of Life Sciences.

Siesta für alle!

Höhlenmalerei als Tagging pubertierender Buben

Wer hat eigentlich die prähistorischen Wandmalereien geschaffen? Schamanen in Fellüberwürfen für kultische Zwecke? Einige davon, vielleicht! Die meisten sind aber nicht viel mehr als Vorläufer dessen, was heute Jugendliche mit Grafitti und Tagging wollen: Bilder und Symbole dessen festhalten, was sie beschäftigt. Zu diesem Schluss kam Dale Guthrie, Paläobiologe an der „University of Alaska Fairbanks“. Dafür sammelte und analysierte er die Spuren der malenden Hände auf den Wänden. So fand er heraus, dass die Mehrheit von männlichen Teenagern stammt. Und dass die Bilder das zeigen, was man sich so denkt von männlichen Teenagern, was sie malen, auch im späten Pleistozän: jagen, kämpfen, Frauen.

(LiveScience) Many art historians and anthropologists believe Paleolithic cave wall art was done by accomplished shaman-artists, but mixed in with the finer paintings are graffiti-like scenes of sex and hunting. An analysis of thousands of paintings from the late Pleistocene epoch suggests the graffiti artists back then were likely the same as today—teenage males. (…) „It was like kids taking a pencil and drawing an outline around their hand,“ said Dale Guthrie, a paleobiologist from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Men and women have different hand proportions—men have thicker thumbs and palms—so by analyzing the dimensions of the hands in European cave art, and comparing them to 1,000 photocopies of modern hands of men and women of different ages, Guthrie determined just who painted what. Men and women and boys and girls of all ages left their marks but, statistically, teenage males dominated, contrary to popular belief. (…) „In the graffiti, there is a lot of below-the-belt-art,“ Guthrie said. „The people in the art are predominantly women, and not a single one has any clothes on.“ But these weren’t just any women, they were Pleistocene Pamela Andersons adorned with ludicrously huge breasts and hips. The walls were also decorated with graphic depictions of genitalia. (…)